How much of its GDP does Pakistan from 2021-22 spend on education?
A. 1.57% of GDP
B. 1.77% of GDP
C. 2.10% of GDP
D. 6.00% of GDP
Pakistan GDP on Education 2022
The Economic Survey of Pakistan 2021-22 has pointed out that only 1.77 per cent of GDP was spent on the education sector last year while the literacy rate was recorded at 63pc. “Cumulative education expenditures by federal and provincial governments in FY2021 remained at 1.77pc of GDP. However, Economic Survey 2022 shows the literacy rate at around 63%.
Other Nations GDP on Education 2022
Norway and Chile reported the highest total expenditures on education institutions as a percentage of GDP (both 6.6 percent), followed by Israel and New Zealand (both 6.2 percent), the United Kingdom (6.1 per cent), and the United States (6.0 percent). Brazil, a much richer country than Pakistan, spends about six per cent of its GDP on education. Kenya spends 5.1pc of its GDP on education.
However, Pakistan continues to spend only about 2pc of its GDP on education. It has one of the biggest populations of out-of-school children in the world. Education quality standards remain quite insufficient for most of the children who do end up being in school in what has been termed ‘learning poverty’ in the relevant literature. And we are still dealing with issues of access, dropout, and gender disparity.
Moreover, the last few years, even inclusive of the hoopla around the launch and implementation of the Single National Curriculum (SNC), have not seen any large-scale reform efforts from educational authorities in the provinces or at the federal level.