Q.No.1) Write a paragraph of 200 words on any ONE of the following topics: (20 Marks)
- a. Neocolonialism.
- b. Ethics and Journalism
- c. Consequences of Rural Migration to Cities
- d. A Critical Analysis of the Judicial System of Pakistan.
A Critical Analysis of the Judicial System of Pakistan:
The judicial system of Pakistan is a complex and intricate institution that plays a vital role in upholding justice and ensuring the rule of law. However, it is not without its flaws and challenges. One of the key issues plaguing the system is the problem of delayed justice. Cases often linger in courts for years, causing frustration and disillusionment among the litigants. This delay not only undermines the faith of the people in the system but also hampers the effective administration of justice.
Another critical aspect that needs examination is the issue of corruption within the judicial system. While the majority of judges and judicial officers are honest and dedicated, there have been instances of corruption and misconduct. This not only erodes public trust but also impedes the fair dispensation of justice. Measures should be taken to enhance transparency, accountability, and ethics within the judicial system to ensure that justice is served impartially and without any undue influence.
Additionally, the accessibility of justice is a concern, particularly for marginalized and underprivileged sections of society. The high costs of legal proceedings, coupled with the complexity of the system, create barriers for those seeking justice. Legal aid programs and initiatives should be expanded to bridge this gap and ensure equal access to justice for all.
Moreover, there is a need for continuous training and capacity-building programs for judges, lawyers, and court staff to keep them updated with evolving legal principles and practices. This would contribute to the overall efficiency and effectiveness of the judicial system.
In conclusion, while the judicial system of Pakistan is an essential pillar of the democratic framework, there are several areas that require improvement. By addressing issues such as delayed justice, corruption, and accessibility, and enhancing the skills of legal professionals, the system can become more responsive, transparent, and accountable, thereby strengthening the rule of law and ensuring justice for all.
Q.No.2) Use any TEN of the following idiomatic expressions in your own words. (10 Marks)
- Get your act together:
Hey, everyone, it’s time to get your act together and start preparing for the upcoming science project. Let’s work together and make it a success!
Scrape the barrel:
After we divided the tasks for the charity event, we found that there weren’t many jobs left for some of us. We had to scrape the barrel to find something they could help with.
I know the deadline is approaching, but it’s essential not to cut corners while writing your essays. Take your time and do your best to produce quality work.
Lose your marbles:
During exams, it’s common to feel a bit nervous, but don’t worry, you won’t lose your marbles! Just take deep breaths, stay focused, and do your best.
Bite the bullet:
Sometimes, we have to face challenging situations head-on and bite the bullet. It might be difficult, but confronting problems directly is the best way to overcome them.
On the ball:
Our team needs someone who is on the ball to coordinate the schedule and make sure everyone knows their responsibilities for the field trip.
Take a rain check:
I appreciate the invitation to the movies, but I have a family gathering this evening, so I’ll have to take a rain check and join you another time.
To get bent out of shape:
If someone teases you about your new glasses, try not to get bent out of shape. Embrace your uniqueness, and soon they won’t bother you anymore.
Keep up appearances:
It’s essential to keep up appearances during the school presentation. Dress appropriately and speak with confidence to make a good impression on the audience.
The salt of the earth:
Mr. Ali, our school janitor, is truly the salt of the earth. He’s always helpful, kind, and caring towards everyone, making our school a better place.
Q.No.3) Write a letter to the Inspector General Police about the discriminating attitude of the police towards the citizens. (10 Marks)
Dear Inspector General Police,
I am writing to bring to your attention a matter of utmost concern regarding the discriminatory behavior displayed by some members of the police force towards the citizens of our community. It has come to my notice, and the attention of many others, that certain individuals are being targeted and treated unfairly based on their socio-economic backgrounds, appearance, or personal affiliations. Such biased actions not only erode public trust but also violate the principles of justice and equality that should guide law enforcement.
As responsible citizens, we believe in the importance of a strong and impartial police force that safeguards the well-being and security of all individuals, irrespective of their background. It is disheartening to witness instances where the police, who are meant to protect and serve, are engaged in discriminatory practices that undermine the trust and confidence we place in them.
I kindly request your intervention in this matter. It is crucial that appropriate measures are taken to address and rectify this issue. Training programs focused on promoting diversity, cultural sensitivity, and unbiased policing could greatly contribute to fostering a more inclusive and fair environment within the police force. Additionally, internal mechanisms should be established to ensure accountability and transparency in addressing complaints related to discriminatory behavior.
We believe that by taking prompt action, you can restore faith in the police force and ensure that justice and equality are upheld. Together, we can create a society where every citizen feels safe and respected, regardless of their background.
Thank you for your attention to this matter. We look forward to seeing positive changes in the conduct of the police force.
Sincerely,[Your Name] [Your Address] [City, Country]
Write an application to the General Manager, Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL) about the installation of gas in your colony.
[Your Name] [Your Address] [City, Country] [Date]
The General Manager
Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)[Address] [City, Country]
Subject: Request for Installation of Gas Connection in Our Colony
I am writing to bring to your attention the urgent need for the installation of a gas connection in our residential colony, [Colony Name]. Our colony is home to a growing population, and the absence of a gas supply has become a significant inconvenience and a source of hardship for the residents.
As you may be aware, the lack of a gas connection not only affects our daily lives but also hampers our ability to carry out routine tasks efficiently. We are forced to rely on alternative and often more expensive sources of energy, such as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) or electric heaters, which put a financial burden on the residents, especially those from low-income backgrounds.
Moreover, the absence of a gas connection limits our access to essential services, such as heating, cooking, and hot water supply. It adversely impacts the quality of life and adds unnecessary challenges, particularly during the winter season when the demand for heating increases.
Therefore, we kindly request your immediate attention to this matter. We urge you to initiate the process of installing a gas connection in our colony, ensuring that all necessary infrastructure and safety measures are put in place. We believe that access to a reliable and affordable gas supply is a basic necessity for every household, and it would greatly enhance the well-being and convenience of the residents.
We hope you will consider our request seriously and take swift action to address this long-standing issue. We remain hopeful that Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited will prioritize the installation of a gas connection in our colony, demonstrating its commitment to providing efficient and reliable energy services to the community.
Thank you for your attention. We look forward to a positive response.
[Your Contact Information]
Q.No.4) Write the antonyms of the following words:
A. Astigmatism – Clarity
B. Centrifugal – Centripetal
C. Diurnal – Nocturnal
D. Exhaustible – Inexhaustible
E. Gluttonous – Abstinent
Q.No.5) Change the narration of any FIVE of the following sentences: (5 Marks)
1. My father often told me, “Every obstacle is a stepping stone to success.”
- My father often told me that every obstacle is a stepping stone to success.
2. All said, “I must go to Lahore next week to visit my ailing mother.”
- All said that he might go to Lahore next week to visit his ailing mother.
3. “Hurrah,” said the captain of the team, “We won the match.”
- The captain of the team exclaimed with joy that they had won the match.
4. He said to me, “Do you know the fact?”
- He asked me if I knew the fact.
- “Could you ever afford to displease your parents?” said I to my friend.
- I asked my friend if he could ever afford to displease his parents.
6. The teacher pointed out, “Here in this mausoleum lay buried the king.”
- The teacher pointed out that the king was buried in that mausoleum.
7. He reminded me, “When the cat is away the mice will play.”
- He reminded me that when the cat is away the mice will play.
8. The king said, “You have made me feel happy with your sweet music although I have never felt so much happy before.”
- The king expressed his happiness and gratitude for the sweet music, saying that he had never felt so happy before.
Q.No.6 – Change the voice of any FIVE of the following sentences: (5 Marks)
1. They built a new house last year.
- A new house was built by them last year.
2. The manager will announce the results tomorrow.
- The results will be announced by the manager tomorrow.
3. He wrote a beautiful poem for her.
- A beautiful poem was written for her by him.
4. The company awarded her with a promotion.
- She was awarded a promotion by the company.
5. They are organizing a charity event next month.
- A charity event is being organized by them next month.
6. The teacher will grade the exams this week.
- The exams will be graded by the teacher this week.
7. He has painted the entire room blue.
- The entire room has been painted blue by him.
8. The police arrested the suspect yesterday.
- The suspect was arrested by the police yesterday.
Q.No.7 – Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions
- He insisted on seeing the documents.
She made a point of coming late so that everyone would look at her.
How are you getting on at school?
In spite of the heat, he refused to take off his coat.
He is unreliable, do not count on his help.
He is interested in history.
He began explaining the wonders of the brain and its ability to conjure up subconscious fairy tales.
In other words, 1,300 people were jostling for every single position.
They looked back upon his pusillanimity with awe.
After all, everyone assumes that people hanker for happiness and pleasure.
Q.No.8 – Make a précis of the following passage and suggest a suitable title.
Title: The Decline of Oratory in Modern Times
In today’s world, the future of oratory seems uncertain. The term “orator” has lost its lustre and is often used with a slightly mocking tone. However, in ancient times, orators were regarded highly, recognizing the value and worth of their work. They believed they were shaping works for the future and subjecting themselves to scrutiny by envy and time. Unfortunately, the care and attention given to the art of public speaking have significantly declined. Sir Winston Churchill, a notable figure in English oratory, represents a relic from the golden age of oratory. His speeches on national and international matters spanned over fifty years, and they are considered examples of human speech at its best. Despite this, the overall decline in the art of oratory is evident. Nevertheless, Churchill’s speeches will continue to hold a significant place in history and serve as a testament to the power of eloquence.
Q.No.9 – Translate the following passage into English.
On this planet Earth, adherence to the principles of mutual coexistence is indispensable to save life from destruction, devastation, and unnatural, artificial death. Humans and animals alike possess this consciousness. Even those who casually observe wildlife understand that various species of animals coexist with each other in harmony. They gather in large numbers in search of food and water and make efforts to not harm each other while striving to procure their own sustenance. If animals were to tear each other apart while eating, it would endanger the survival of the weakest. However, their tearing and devouring cease where their hunger is satisfied. Animals, unlike humans, do not even have a glimpse of hunger in their lives, as their stomachs do not fill to the brim despite all their efforts. They are sustained by the soil of their graves. However, from the study of history, it is evident that there has never been an era devoid of the struggle of those who awaken the spirit of mutual love among humans.
PMS Punjab Solved English Precis Paper 2023
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